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公路机电工程施工质量的影响因素及对策

所属栏目:围挡资讯作者:ZHHYzh 发布时间:2021-12-03 14:14:44浏览:

导读:建筑工人主要是工程监理、安装作业人员和安全管理人员等,不可能保证每一位建筑工人在施工过程中都有专业技能。对工程监理人员而言,由于缺乏丰富的实践经验和理论知识,在检

  建筑工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)人(ren)(ren)主(zhu)要是(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)监理(li)(li)、安(an)装作业(ye)人(ren)(ren)员(yuan)和安(an)全(quan)(quan)管(guan)理(li)(li)人(ren)(ren)员(yuan)等(deng),不(bu)可能(neng)保证每一位建筑工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)人(ren)(ren)在(zai)(zai)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)过程(cheng)(cheng)中都有专(zhuan)业(ye)技能(neng)。对工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)监理(li)(li)人(ren)(ren)员(yuan)而言,由于缺(que)乏丰富的(de)(de)实践经验(yan)和理(li)(li)论(lun)知识,在(zai)(zai)检测、验(yan)收设(she)备环节可能(neng)出(chu)现差错,最终直(zhi)接影响(xiang)到工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)质量(liang)和施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)进度;安(an)装、施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)过程(cheng)(cheng)中存在(zai)(zai)着技术(shu)水平(ping)与实际工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)之(zhi)间的(de)(de)差距,不(bu)能(neng)严(yan)格按照(zhao)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)流程(cheng)(cheng)进行(xing)操(cao)作,同样也(ye)会(hui)使工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)不(bu)符合(he)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)企业(ye)规定(ding)的(de)(de)标准;安(an)全(quan)(quan)监理(li)(li)人(ren)(ren)员(yuan)的(de)(de)安(an)全(quan)(quan)意识不(bu)强(qiang),就会(hui)在(zai)(zai)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)管(guan)理(li)(li)中出(chu)现漏洞,给施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)人(ren)(ren)员(yuan)的(de)(de)人(ren)(ren)身(shen)安(an)全(quan)(quan)带来隐(yin)患(huan)。

  一是工(gong)程(cheng)概(gai)况。

  京(jing)新机场(chang)至德州高(gao)速(su)公(gong)路京(jing)冀界至津石高(gao)速(su)段,是雄安(an)新区(qu)至北(bei)(bei)京(jing)大兴国(guo)际机场(chang)最主(zhu)要的(de)高(gao)速(su)公(gong)路,可实(shi)现河北(bei)(bei)省及南(nan)部地(di)区(qu)与大兴国(guo)际机场(chang)的(de)快速(su)集(ji)疏,也是雄安(an)新区(qu)与机场(chang)实(shi)现无缝(feng)连(lian)接的(de)重(zhong)要通道。强化河北(bei)(bei)省高(gao)速(su)公(gong)路网的(de)加密建设,有(you)利于推动沿(yan)线地(di)区(qu)经济快速(su)发展(zhan)。

  该(gai)工(gong)(gong)程主要针对北(bei)京新机场至(zhi)德州高(gao)速公路京冀界至(zhi)津石高(gao)速段主体(ti)工(gong)(gong)程ZT10标段土建部(bu)分(fen)进行了具体(ti)施工(gong)(gong)。与此同时,该(gai)标段位(wei)于(yu)河北(bei)省(sheng)沧州市与廊坊市之间(jian),起点(dian)桩号(hao)(hao)K85+380,终点(dian)桩号(hao)(hao)K94+000,全长(zhang)8.620km。

  第二,影响机电工程(cheng)施工质量的因素。

  2.1设备选(xuan)择不当。

  机(ji)(ji)电(dian)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)施工(gong)(gong)前,应根据设(she)(she)计图(tu)纸和(he)实(shi)际工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)情况选择(ze)最佳的(de)机(ji)(ji)电(dian)设(she)(she)备(bei),选择(ze)机(ji)(ji)电(dian)设(she)(she)备(bei)要符(fu)合(he)可(ke)行性(xing)、经(jing)济性(xing)和(he)科学性(xing)的(de)要求,适用性(xing)好的(de)机(ji)(ji)电(dian)设(she)(she)备(bei)能提高工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)的(de)安全系(xi)数(shu),经(jing)济的(de)机(ji)(ji)电(dian)设(she)(she)备(bei)能大(da)(da)大(da)(da)节(jie)省(sheng)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)费(fei)用,科学的(de)机(ji)(ji)电(dian)设(she)(she)备(bei)能保证工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)的(de)现代化,最终实(shi)现机(ji)(ji)电(dian)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)的(de)完美配合(he)。此外,机(ji)(ji)电(dian)设(she)(she)备(bei)的(de)参数(shu)选择(ze)也要符(fu)合(he)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)设(she)(she)计要求,参数(shu)过大(da)(da)或过小(xiao)都会造(zao)成过度浪费(fei),延长工(gong)(gong)期(qi),不能保证工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)质量。

  2.设备安装不规(gui)范

  实(shi)(shi)施机电设(she)备安(an)装(zhuang)时必须严格按(an)照(zhao)相关标(biao)准(zhun)具体展(zhan)开,确保施工(gong)规范有序。主要(yao)是通过螺(luo)(luo)(luo)栓与螺(luo)(luo)(luo)母的(de)(de)连接来安(an)装(zhuang)机电设(she)备,但螺(luo)(luo)(luo)母在实(shi)(shi)际操作过程(cheng)中,由(you)于长时间的(de)(de)摩擦拧动而产生不同程(cheng)度的(de)(de)磨损,而且(qie)螺(luo)(luo)(luo)母内部的(de)(de)螺(luo)(luo)(luo)纹破损导(dao)(dao)致(zhi)螺(luo)(luo)(luo)母的(de)(de)扭矩性减(jian)弱(ruo),最终导(dao)(dao)致(zhi)螺(luo)(luo)(luo)母与螺(luo)(luo)(luo)栓的(de)(de)连接不紧的(de)(de)问题(ti)。假定施工(gong)部门不重视螺(luo)(luo)(luo)母松动现象,继续进行(xing)机电设(she)备的(de)(de)安(an)装(zhuang),后期容易引发工(gong)程(cheng)事故,造成人(ren)员伤亡。

  2.3设备质量(liang)未达到标准。

  机(ji)(ji)(ji)电(dian)设(she)备(bei)(bei)质(zhi)量检(jian)验(yan)主要(yao)(yao)分为三个步骤:首先,要(yao)(yao)熟悉机(ji)(ji)(ji)电(dian)设(she)备(bei)(bei)验(yan)收的具(ju)体流程(cheng)和标(biao)准(zhun)(zhun)参数,在设(she)备(bei)(bei)进场时加强检(jian)验(yan)力度,确保(bao)每台机(ji)(ji)(ji)电(dian)设(she)备(bei)(bei)的质(zhi)量都完全符合国家标(biao)准(zhun)(zhun);其次(ci),要(yao)(yao)确保(bao)所购(gou)机(ji)(ji)(ji)电(dian)设(she)备(bei)(bei)满足工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)要(yao)(yao)求,能(neng)(neng)投入(ru)使用(yong)(yong),并能(neng)(neng)保(bao)证(zheng)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)的高性能(neng)(neng),在机(ji)(ji)(ji)电(dian)设(she)备(bei)(bei)进场后要(yao)(yao)派有经验(yan)的施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)人员进行检(jian)验(yan),检(jian)测机(ji)(ji)(ji)电(dian)设(she)备(bei)(bei)的各种性能(neng)(neng);第三,施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)企业(ye)要(yao)(yao)仔(zi)细(xi)分析(xi)施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)地的具(ju)体情况,明(ming)确机(ji)(ji)(ji)电(dian)设(she)备(bei)(bei)使用(yong)(yong)环(huan)境,防(fang)止施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)环(huan)境与机(ji)(ji)(ji)电(dian)设(she)备(bei)(bei)不(bu)匹配。

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标题:公路机电工程施工质量的影响因素及对策
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