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道路桥梁建设项目施工管理的措施

所属栏目:公司动态作者:ZHHYzh 发布时间:2021-11-30 11:28:33浏览:

导读:随着社会的进步,国民经济快速发展,城市基础设施也在不断进步,其中路桥工程逐渐从平原地区发展到山区。随着人们生活水平的不断提高,交通量显著提高,导致道路和桥梁的压力

  随着社会的(de)(de)进步,国(guo)民经济(ji)快(kuai)速发展,城市基础设(she)施也(ye)在不断进步,其中路(lu)桥工程(cheng)逐渐(jian)从(cong)平(ping)原地区(qu)发展到山区(qu)。随着人(ren)们生活水(shui)平(ping)的(de)(de)不断提(ti)高,交通(tong)量显著提(ti)高,导致道路(lu)和桥梁的(de)(de)压(ya)力越来越大(da)。然而,路(lu)桥工程(cheng)具有施工条件差、覆盖面广、劳动强(qiang)度大(da)、工序(xu)复杂(za)的(de)(de)特(te)点。因(yin)此,通(tong)过(guo)多年从(cong)事公路(lu)工程(cheng)建设(she)项目的(de)(de)经验,我(wo)从(cong)以下(xia)两个方(fang)面简(jian)要(yao)介(jie)绍如何做好工程(cheng)建设(she)项目管理。

  一、熟悉(xi)路桥建(jian)设项(xiang)目(mu)的特(te)点。

  在路(lu)(lu)桥施(shi)工管理过程中,对施(shi)工过程影响较(jiao)大(da)的(de)方面主要(yao)包括施(shi)工人员(yuan)、施(shi)工质量和(he)施(shi)工安全(quan)等。通常,有(you)路(lu)(lu)的(de)地方就(jiu)会有(you)桥。所(suo)以J9九游会AG 以前把这个(ge)项(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)叫做公路(lu)(lu)桥项(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)。路(lu)(lu)桥项(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)建设(she)的(de)性质是建设(she)社会公益(yi)(yi)性投资项(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)。在城乡布局规划的(de)基(ji)础上,需(xu)要(yao)分析路(lu)(lu)桥项(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)的(de)整体社会效益(yi)(yi),再决定是否投资。

  与(yu)其他简单的(de)(de)(de)路(lu)桥(qiao)(qiao)(qiao)施工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi)相(xiang)比(bi),路(lu)桥(qiao)(qiao)(qiao)施工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi)难(nan)度更大。此外(wai),设(she)(she)计(ji)中还(hai)(hai)存在(zai)一些问题,尤其是(shi)在(zai)地(di)形复杂的(de)(de)(de)山区,受(shou)地(di)质(zhi)、地(di)形和地(di)震参数的(de)(de)(de)影响,使得(de)设(she)(she)计(ji)过(guo)(guo)(guo)程(cheng)面(mian)临更大的(de)(de)(de)挑战(zhan)。这(zhei)种(zhong)挑战(zhan)不(bu)仅(jin)(jin)体(ti)现在(zai)对施工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)设(she)(she)备(bei)的(de)(de)(de)要(yao)求(qiu)上,也体(ti)现在(zai)对施工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)人(ren)员(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)要(yao)求(qiu)上。这(zhei)就(jiu)要(yao)求(qiu)施工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)单位在(zai)施工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)过(guo)(guo)(guo)程(cheng)中与(yu)监(jian)理(li)单位做好(hao)沟(gou)通(tong),合(he)理(li)优(you)化设(she)(she)计(ji)方(fang)案,保证(zheng)施工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)过(guo)(guo)(guo)程(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)顺(shun)利实施。此外(wai),路(lu)桥(qiao)(qiao)(qiao)施工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)过(guo)(guo)(guo)程(cheng)还(hai)(hai)会受(shou)到周围(wei)交通(tong)环境(jing)、水电分布、材(cai)料(liao)的(de)(de)(de)影响,因此施工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)人(ren)员(yuan)还(hai)(hai)应考虑(lv)施工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)的(de)(de)(de)周围(wei)条件,以(yi)免出错。施工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)人(ren)员(yuan)必须(xu)考虑(lv)道路(lu)和桥(qiao)(qiao)(qiao)梁的(de)(de)(de)外(wai)观要(yao)求(qiu)。所说的(de)(de)(de)外(wai)观不(bu)仅(jin)(jin)仅(jin)(jin)指其视觉效果,还(hai)(hai)包括工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)质(zhi)量。环境(jing)保护是(shi)路(lu)桥(qiao)(qiao)(qiao)施工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)过(guo)(guo)(guo)程(cheng)中必须(xu)考虑(lv)的(de)(de)(de)一个因素(su),其中建筑(zhu)材(cai)料(liao)的(de)(de)(de)运输和钻(zuan)孔灌注桩(zhuang)的(de)(de)(de)调查(cha)将对环境(jing)造成很大的(de)(de)(de)破坏。因此,路(lu)桥(qiao)(qiao)(qiao)施工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)过(guo)(guo)(guo)程(cheng)是(shi)一项复杂的(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng),必须(xu)从技术(shu)、管理(li)、质(zhi)量等方(fang)面(mian)进行管理(li)。

  二、加强路桥建(jian)设(she)项目管理的措施。

  路(lu)桥工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)过程(cheng)(cheng)通常具有点(dian)(dian)多(duo)、线长、工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)序(xu)复杂、工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)序(xu)众多(duo)的(de)(de)(de)特(te)点(dian)(dian),需要在施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)现场投入(ru)大量的(de)(de)(de)人员(yuan)和(he)设(she)备(bei),这也在一定程(cheng)(cheng)度上增加(jia)(jia)了现场施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)管(guan)理的(de)(de)(de)难度,这就要求施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)管(guan)理人员(yuan)采取各种措施(shi)(shi)加(jia)(jia)强施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)现场的(de)(de)(de)管(guan)理。

  (a)建筑人(ren)(ren)员(yuan)的安(an)全(quan)培训(xun)。项目部技(ji)术负责(ze)人(ren)(ren)需要根据工(gong)程(cheng)要求对施(shi)工(gong)人(ren)(ren)员(yuan)进行施(shi)工(gong)安(an)全(quan)教(jiao)育(yu),提(ti)高工(gong)人(ren)(ren)的防范(fan)意识(shi)。J9九游会AG 也可以(yi)采(cai)取(qu)多种灵活(huo)的教(jiao)育(yu)形式,努力在各个方面实施(shi)安(an)全(quan)管理(li)。同时,路桥企业和(he)项目部都要把安(an)全(quan)培训(xun)纳入(ru)管理(li)规划,采(cai)取(qu)有(you)效措施(shi),教(jiao)育(yu)培训(xun)合格后再上岗,真正解决(jue)员(yuan)工(gong)安(an)全(quan)意识(shi)淡薄的现象。

  (二(er))正确选择和(he)(he)维护机(ji)械(xie)(xie)(xie)设(she)(she)(she)备。随着施工(gong)任务的(de)(de)(de)增长,机(ji)械(xie)(xie)(xie)设(she)(she)(she)备的(de)(de)(de)使用时(shi)间增加,机(ji)械(xie)(xie)(xie)设(she)(she)(she)备的(de)(de)(de)使用寿命越来(lai)越短(duan)。这时(shi)就(jiu)需要(yao)引进(jin)新(xin)设(she)(she)(she)备,及(ji)时(shi)淘(tao)汰旧设(she)(she)(she)备。同时(shi),对于(yu)机(ji)械(xie)(xie)(xie)设(she)(she)(she)备的(de)(de)(de)维护,机(ji)械(xie)(xie)(xie)设(she)(she)(she)备管理部(bu)门要(yao)提(ti)前及(ji)时(shi)掌握各施工(gong)项目(mu)的(de)(de)(de)进(jin)度和(he)(he)机(ji)械(xie)(xie)(xie)设(she)(she)(she)备的(de)(de)(de)信息,安排好机(ji)械(xie)(xie)(xie)设(she)(she)(she)备使用过程中的(de)(de)(de)二(er)次(ci)维护工(gong)作,解决使用和(he)(he)维护的(de)(de)(de)矛(mao)盾。

  (三)加强(qiang)路桥施工(gong)现场的(de)成本管理(li)。只有(you)(you)在(zai)(zai)路桥施工(gong)的(de)前期(qi)保证高效的(de)施工(gong)方案(an),才能在(zai)(zai)后期(qi)的(de)施工(gong)过程(cheng)中取得较高的(de)经济效益。通常(chang)由于前期(qi)缺乏有(you)(you)计划的(de)组织,施工(gong)过程(cheng)中会(hui)出现“人人都可以(yi)有(you)(you)工(gong)作,但没有(you)(you)工(gong)作”的(de)现象(xiang),很大程(cheng)度(du)上造成人员(yuan)浪费,延误工(gong)期(qi)。因此(ci),J9九游会AG 应该理(li)性分析这些问(wen)题(ti),并采取有(you)(you)效措(cuo)施加以(yi)解(jie)决。

  第一(yi),借助(zhu)规章制度(du)实现权利与(yu)责任的(de)结合,值得注意的(de)是,制度(du)必须(xu)具有民主化的(de)特点,以避免负(fu)面影(ying)响(xiang),此外,每个建设过程都要严格(ge)控制。

  其次,在(zai)工(gong)序(xu)和工(gong)序(xu)中进(jin)行成本控制,在(zai)施(shi)工(gong)单位实行固定工(gong)序(xu)和工(gong)序(xu)的合同制,使(shi)每个(ge)施(shi)工(gong)工(gong)人的工(gong)作(zuo)过程(cheng)都(dou)具(ju)有现实价(jia)值。

  再次,应从(cong)进度和质(zhi)量两方(fang)面(mian)进行成(cheng)本控制,合理避免安全事故。

  第四,控(kong)制成本(ben)(ben)费用构成,从而加强成本(ben)(ben)控(kong)制。比如(ru)对机械、材料(liao)、人工成本(ben)(ben)的(de)(de)控(kong)制。通过(guo)控(kong)制路桥施工现场的(de)(de)成本(ben)(ben),可以降低(di)能(neng)耗,促进(jin)本(ben)(ben)单位(wei)经济的(de)(de)快速(su)发展。

  (四)加强工程(cheng)建设过程(cheng)中的质量监(jian)督。

  在(zai)路桥建设项目(mu)中(zhong),必须在(zai)监(jian)(jian)(jian)理(li)项目(mu)的(de)(de)领导下,做好项目(mu)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)阶段的(de)(de)质(zhi)(zhi)量(liang)监(jian)(jian)(jian)理(li)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)。首(shou)先,监(jian)(jian)(jian)理(li)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程师应对施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)现(xian)场进(jin)(jin)行(xing)审核和(he)检查(cha),严(yan)(yan)格(ge)督(du)促施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)单位(wei)按照相关的(de)(de)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)标(biao)准(zhun)(zhun)、管(guan)理(li)制度(du)和(he)制度(du)进(jin)(jin)行(xing)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong),并按照相关的(de)(de)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)质(zhi)(zhi)量(liang)检查(cha)制度(du)对施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)质(zhi)(zhi)量(liang)进(jin)(jin)行(xing)评(ping)定(ding)。其次,根据工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程本(ben)身的(de)(de)特点,合同中(zhong)明确规定(ding)的(de)(de)质(zhi)(zhi)量(liang)等级(ji),用(yong)户的(de)(de)具体(ti)要(yao)求和(he)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)单位(wei)本(ben)身的(de)(de)资质(zhi)(zhi),制定(ding)和(he)完善监(jian)(jian)(jian)理(li)目(mu)标(biao)和(he)标(biao)准(zhun)(zhun),制定(ding)合理(li)的(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)制度(du)和(he)程度(du),保证(zheng)监(jian)(jian)(jian)理(li)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)的(de)(de)顺利(li)开展(zhan)和(he)监(jian)(jian)(jian)理(li)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)的(de)(de)正常开展(zhan)。最后,监(jian)(jian)(jian)理(li)单位(wei)还应认真检查(cha)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)方案(an),严(yan)(yan)格(ge)检查(cha)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)过程中(zhong)使用(yong)的(de)(de)材(cai)料和(he)设备(bei),避免一些不必要(yao)的(de)(de)质(zhi)(zhi)量(liang)事故。

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标题:道路桥梁建设项目施工管理的措施
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