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公司动态

浅析:建筑工程工地单位的工程建筑成本管理

所属栏目:公司动态作者:ZHHYzh 发布时间:2021-11-27 11:45:29浏览:

导读:伴随着科技进步的迅猛发展及其市场环境的日渐转变,建筑工程施工公司以便融入时下社会经济发展要求及其市场环境的转变,务必提升管理能力与专业技能,持续提高本身的竞争能力

  伴随着科(ke)技进步的(de)迅猛发(fa)展及其(qi)市(shi)场环(huan)境的(de)日渐转变(bian),建(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)工(gong)(gong)程施(shi)工(gong)(gong)公司以便融(rong)入时(shi)下(xia)社会(hui)经济(ji)发(fa)展要求及其(qi)市(shi)场环(huan)境的(de)转变(bian),务必提(ti)升(sheng)管理(li)(li)能力与专业技能,持续提(ti)高本身的(de)竞争能力。费用预算(suan)体(ti)系(xi)管理(li)(li)是(shi)不是(shi)科(ke)学规范(fan),针对建(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)工(gong)(gong)程施(shi)工(gong)(gong)公司的(de)经济(ji)收益及其(qi)长久发(fa)展趋势(shi)具(ju)备尤为重要的(de)危(wei)害,工(gong)(gong)程建(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)成本管理(li)(li)是(shi)建(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)工(gong)(gong)程施(shi)工(gong)(gong)公司目前提(ti)升(sheng)本身竞争能力的(de)关键要素,也是(shi)建(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)工(gong)(gong)程施(shi)工(gong)(gong)公司长期发(fa)展趋势(shi)的(de)必然(ran)趋势(shi)。

  1建(jian)筑工(gong)程施(shi)工(gong)公(gong)司成本管(guan)理(li)中存在的不(bu)足剖析

  1.1设计存(cun)在的不(bu)足(zu)

  设(she)(she)(she)计是(shi)危(wei)害(hai)(hai)(hai)建(jian)筑工(gong)程(cheng)施工(gong)公(gong)司(si)费(fei)用预(yu)算(suan)成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)本费(fei)是(shi)不是(shi)有(you)(you)效的(de)(de)(de)(de)重要环节,尽(jin)管(guan)(guan)建(jian)筑工(gong)程(cheng)设(she)(she)(she)计环节的(de)(de)(de)(de)开(kai)销占总体(ti)工(gong)程(cheng)成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)本比率较(jiao)(jiao)小(xiao),可是(shi)对(dui)(dui)全(quan)部施工(gong)预(yu)算(suan)所造(zao)成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)危(wei)害(hai)(hai)(hai)是(shi)十分大(da)的(de)(de)(de)(de),换句话说建(jian)筑工(gong)程(cheng)设(she)(she)(she)计环节的(de)(de)(de)(de)花费(fei)立即危(wei)害(hai)(hai)(hai)着公(gong)司(si)总体(ti)的(de)(de)(de)(de)经(jing)济(ji)收益(yi)与社会经(jing)济(ji)效益(yi)。现阶段,绝大(da)多数(shu)公(gong)司(si)都对(dui)(dui)工(gong)程(cheng)施工(gong)环节开(kai)展(zhan)成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)本管(guan)(guan)理(li)(li)与管(guan)(guan)理(li)(li)方(fang)法,忽略了对(dui)(dui)设(she)(she)(she)计的(de)(de)(de)(de)工(gong)程(cheng)造(zao)价管(guan)(guan)理(li)(li)与成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)本管(guan)(guan)理(li)(li),压(ya)根(gen)沒(mei)有(you)(you)正(zheng)确(que)对(dui)(dui)待到设(she)(she)(she)计的(de)(de)(de)(de)花费(fei)对(dui)(dui)全(quan)部公(gong)司(si)经(jing)济(ji)收益(yi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)危(wei)害(hai)(hai)(hai)。对(dui)(dui)设(she)(she)(she)计缺乏详尽(jin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)考虑到,有(you)(you)的(de)(de)(de)(de)乃至(zhi)忽视测算(suan),从而造(zao)成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)工(gong)程(cheng)概(gai)算(suan)存有(you)(you)许多 系(xi)统漏洞(dong)及(ji)其(qi)错算(suan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)项目,那样促(cu)使中后期(qi)施工(gong)预(yu)算(suan)远远地超过当时(shi)审核时(shi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)费(fei)用预(yu)算(suan),促(cu)使中后期(qi)工(gong)程(cheng)施工(gong)产生变化,不但耽搁了工(gong)程(cheng)进度,提(ti)升了工(gong)程(cheng)量清(qing)单,还造(zao)成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)本的(de)(de)(de)(de)持续提(ti)升,比较(jiao)(jiao)严(yan)重危(wei)害(hai)(hai)(hai)了公(gong)司(si)的(de)(de)(de)(de)经(jing)济(ji)收益(yi)[1]。

  1.2公(gong)开招标环节存在(zai)的不足(zu)

  在(zai)全(quan)(quan)(quan)部工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)建(jian)筑(zhu)的(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)造(zao)(zao)价(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)操(cao)纵(zong)全(quan)(quan)(quan)过(guo)程(cheng)(cheng)中,每一(yi)个阶(jie)段的(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)造(zao)(zao)价(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)操(cao)纵(zong)成果立(li)即危(wei)(wei)害着(zhe)(zhe)公(gong)司(si)(si)的(de)(de)经(jing)济(ji)收益,可以(yi)说在(zai)某种意义上立(li)即决策(ce)着(zhe)(zhe)公(gong)司(si)(si)成功(gong)与失败。特别是在(zai)在(zai)公(gong)开招标阶(jie)段,因为在(zai)我国招标会(hui)一(yi)般(ban)全(quan)(quan)(quan)是选用(yong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)概算价(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)格法(fa),建(jian)筑(zhu)企业依(yi)据(ju)管理方(fang)法(fa)机构(gou)、技术(shu)性来开展(zhan)(zhan)价(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)格,工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)施工(gong)(gong)(gong)全(quan)(quan)(quan)过(guo)程(cheng)(cheng)中很(hen)有(you)可能会(hui)产生(sheng)的(de)(de)服务设施并沒有(you)产生(sheng)具体的(de)(de)花费而开展(zhan)(zhan)价(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)格的(de)(de)状况,获取(qu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)费用(yong),这(zhei)也(ye)危(wei)(wei)害着(zhe)(zhe)施工(gong)(gong)(gong)预算。有(you)关建(jian)筑(zhu)施工(gong)(gong)(gong)企业以(yi)便(bian)占领施工(gong)(gong)(gong)期,另外,在(zai)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)施工(gong)(gong)(gong)的(de)(de)新项目中,因为财(cai)务审计工(gong)(gong)(gong)作人员审批不(bu)足(zu)用(yong)心,使变(bian)(bian)动联系单(dan)在(zai)出現(xian)情(qing)况时沒有(you)妥善处(chu)理,间距太长造(zao)(zao)成变(bian)(bian)动联系单(dan)造(zao)(zao)成模(mo)糊不(bu)清或是残缺不(bu)全(quan)(quan)(quan),导致工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)预算的(de)(de)持续提(ti)高。

  1.3欠缺(que)相对(dui)的管理方(fang)案,不高(gao)度重视中小型施工预算

  在严苛(ke)审批大(da)新项目的(de)全过(guo)程中,常常忽略对小(xiao)关键点工(gong)程建(jian)筑造(zao)价预(yu)算的(de)审批。除此之外,因为(wei)欠缺健全的(de)管(guan)理(li)方(fang)案,或是有(you)(you)的(de)企业创建(jian)了有(you)(you)关的(de)管(guan)理(li)方(fang)案,可是并沒有(you)(you)真(zhen)正贯(guan)彻(che)落实,好似虚置,压根沒有(you)(you)充分发(fa)挥管(guan)理(li)方(fang)法与(yu)监(jian)管(guan)的(de)功(gong)效。在工(gong)程施工(gong)实践活(huo)动(dong)中,仍然存有(you)(you)很多的(de)违(wei)反(fan)规定违(wei)反(fan)规定状况,随便变(bian)更工(gong)程施工(gong)方(fang)式(shi)(shi) ,从而造(zao)成成本(ben)的(de)持续提升。传统式(shi)(shi)的(de)管(guan)理(li)模(mo)式(shi)(shi)早已没(mei)法融(rong)入当今社会(hui)(hui)经济发(fa)展形势,不能满足社会(hui)(hui)经济发(fa)展的(de)要(yao)求,比较严重危害了施工(gong)预(yu)算管(guan)理(li)方(fang)法及其(qi)成本(ben)管(guan)理(li)的(de)成果。

  2提升(sheng)建筑工程施工公(gong)司成本管理的相对防(fang)范(fan)措施剖析

  2.1提高施工预(yu)算管(guan)理水平

  必须依据(ju)建(jian)(jian)筑工(gong)(gong)程施工(gong)(gong)公司的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)详细情况开展(zhan)综合分析(xi)与研究,在这个(ge)(ge)基础以上采(cai)取有(you)(you)效(xiao)对(dui)策,提高建(jian)(jian)筑企业(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)成(cheng)本管理工(gong)(gong)作能力(li)。最先,应当(dang)从在我(wo)国的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)社(she)(she)会(hui)发展(zhan)社(she)(she)会(hui)经(jing)(jing)济发展(zhan)水准(zhun)(zhun)上剖析(xi)建(jian)(jian)设(she)标准(zhun)(zhun),坚(jian)持不懈经(jing)(jing)济发展(zhan)、安全性、有(you)(you)效(xiao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)标准(zhun)(zhun)。建(jian)(jian)设(she)规划(hua)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)设(she)计方案应当(dang)优(you)先选择考虑到经(jing)(jing)济发展(zhan)有(you)(you)效(xiao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)标准(zhun)(zhun),优(you)秀与有(you)(you)效(xiao)务必要(yao)统筹协调。除此之外(wai),依据(ju)相对(dui)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)计费根据(ju),建(jian)(jian)筑企业(ye)(ye)要(yao)高度重视农村基层状况,在充足掌(zhang)握(wo)与把握(wo)基本状况以后,再剖析(xi)施工(gong)(gong)预(yu)算管理方法的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)暗点(dian)与关键,一定要(yao)留(liu)意小(xiao)(xiao)工(gong)(gong)程项(xiang)目,尽(jin)管小(xiao)(xiao)工(gong)(gong)程项(xiang)目是非(fei)常复杂(za)、繁杂(za)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)作中(zhong),可(ke)是每一个(ge)(ge)小(xiao)(xiao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)阶(jie)段(duan)都危(wei)害着(zhe)工(gong)(gong)程项(xiang)目的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)资产(chan)商(shang)品流通,如果不留(liu)意对(dui)小(xiao)(xiao)关键点(dian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)合理解决,最后会(hui)导(dao)致(zhi)非(fei)常大的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)资产(chan)消耗。

  2.2提(ti)升施(shi)工预算技术人员(yuan)的专业能力,对工程建(jian)筑费用预算开展创新(xin)管(guan)理

  建筑(zhu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)公(gong)司(si)(si)(si)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)管(guan)(guan)理,其(qi)实(shi)质上便是(shi)对人(ren)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)管(guan)(guan)理方(fang)(fang)法(fa),管(guan)(guan)理方(fang)(fang)法(fa)包含技(ji)(ji)(ji)术人(ren)员(yuan)与(yu)被技(ji)(ji)(ji)术人(ren)员(yuan),二者的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)专(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)业(ye)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)与(yu)专(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)业(ye)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)都(dou)立即危害(hai)着建筑(zhu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)公(gong)司(si)(si)(si)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)管(guan)(guan)理成果。因而,建筑(zhu)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)企(qi)业(ye)务必推升费(fei)用预(yu)(yu)算工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作人(ren)员(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)专(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)业(ye)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li),防止(zhi)不必的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)成本(ben)(ben)费(fei)。建筑(zhu)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)企(qi)业(ye)能(neng)(neng)够 按时机构技(ji)(ji)(ji)术人(ren)员(yuan)及其(qi)专(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)业(ye)技(ji)(ji)(ji)术人(ren)员(yuan)开(kai)展专(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)业(ye)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)学习培(pei)训,进(jin)行职(zhi)(zhi)业(ye)道德规范(fan)专(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)题(ti)讲座,提(ti)(ti)升施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)队伍(wu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)总公(gong)司(si)(si)(si)专(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)业(ye)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li),让职(zhi)(zhi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)培(pei)养(yang)优(you)良(liang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)职(zhi)(zhi)业(ye)素质,让她们积极(ji)主(zhu)动投身(shen)建筑(zhu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)中去。费(fei)用预(yu)(yu)算技(ji)(ji)(ji)术人(ren)员(yuan)一定要加强本(ben)(ben)身(shen)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)技(ji)(ji)(ji)术专(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)业(ye)素养(yang)与(yu)专(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)业(ye)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li),提(ti)(ti)升对有关专(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)业(ye)知识专(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)业(ye)技(ji)(ji)(ji)能(neng)(neng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)学习培(pei)训,持续(xu)提(ti)(ti)高(gao)本(ben)(ben)身(shen)对施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)预(yu)(yu)算管(guan)(guan)理方(fang)(fang)法(fa)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)观(guan)念。并依(yi)靠(kao)优(you)秀的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)科技(ji)(ji)(ji)进(jin)步与(yu)信息科技(ji)(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)优(you)点,完成对工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程建筑(zhu)每个环(huan)节(jie)(jie)费(fei)用预(yu)(yu)算精确(que)、高(gao)效率、系统软件的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)管(guan)(guan)理方(fang)(fang)法(fa)与(yu)操纵,对每个环(huan)节(jie)(jie)与(yu)重要环(huan)节(jie)(jie)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)开(kai)销开(kai)展加强监督与(yu)操纵,进(jin)而节(jie)(jie)省工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程成本(ben)(ben),在(zai)确(que)保(bao)建筑(zhu)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)品质与(yu)安全性(xing)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)前提(ti)(ti)条(tiao)件下,完成公(gong)司(si)(si)(si)经济收益的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)利(li)润最大(da)化(hua)。除(chu)此之(zhi)外,健(jian)全薪酬(chou)管(guan)(guan)理制(zhi)度规章制(zhi)度,在(zai)确(que)保(bao)职(zhi)(zhi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)基础要求的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)基本(ben)(ben)以上,提(ti)(ti)升职(zhi)(zhi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作中的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)主(zhu)动性(xing)与(yu)自(zi)觉性(xing),从而为公(gong)司(si)(si)(si)造就更(geng)大(da)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)经济价值,并确(que)保(bao)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程建筑(zhu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)质量与(yu)安全施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)。

  3结语(yu)

  伴随(sui)着在我国建(jian)筑(zhu)业(ye)的(de)(de)飞(fei)速发展(zhan),工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)建(jian)筑(zhu)市场需求愈(yu)来愈(yu)猛烈,另外对建(jian)筑(zhu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)企业(ye)经(jing)营管理(li)(li)(li)的(de)(de)规(gui)定也(ye)愈(yu)来愈(yu)严苛。施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)预(yu)(yu)算(suan)(suan)管理(li)(li)(li)方(fang)法是建(jian)筑(zhu)施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)企业(ye)平(ping)稳(wen)发展(zhan)趋(qu)势的(de)(de)前提(ti)条件与(yu)基本,仅有(you)对工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)预(yu)(yu)算(suan)(suan)的(de)(de)费用(yong)预(yu)(yu)算(suan)(suan)保证(zheng)细腻、精确,才会有(you)效(xiao)地明(ming)确工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)项(xiang)目(mu)的(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)造价(jia)(jia),一项(xiang)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)必须资(zi)金投入非(fei)常大(da)的(de)(de)人力(li)资(zi)源、资(zi)金与(yu)物力(li)资(zi)源,假如(ru)不可以合理(li)(li)(li)地对工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)预(yu)(yu)算(suan)(suan)作出费用(yong)预(yu)(yu)算(suan)(suan),则会导致建(jian)筑(zhu)施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)企业(ye)非(fei)常大(da)的(de)(de)损害。因而,务必从多(duo)方(fang)位(wei)、多(duo)方(fang)位(wei)开展(zhan)成本管理(li)(li)(li),除(chu)此之(zhi)外,工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作员要坚持不懈求真务实的(de)(de)标准与(yu)尽职尽责的(de)(de)心态(tai),对工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)建(jian)筑(zhu)造价(jia)(jia)预(yu)(yu)算(suan)(suan)开展(zhan)细腻、全方(fang)位(wei)的(de)(de)核查,持续提(ti)升管理(li)(li)(li)能力(li)与(yu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)技术实力(li),推动(dong)建(jian)筑(zhu)业(ye)的(de)(de)稳(wen)进发展(zhan)趋(qu)势。

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