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不是“实际施工人”,不能直接要求支付工资。

所属栏目:常见问题作者:ZHHYzh 发布时间:2022-01-20 16:00:26浏览:

导读:某建筑公司将其承包的部分土建工程违法分包给无资质的包工头宗某,宗某雇佣J9九游会AG 进行具体的挖土工作。完成之后,宗某没有给J9九游会AG 付工资。 实际施工人以转包人、违法分包人为被告

  某建筑公司将其承包的(de)(de)部(bu)分(fen)土建工程违(wei)法分(fen)包给无资质的(de)(de)包工头宗(zong)(zong)(zong)某,宗(zong)(zong)(zong)某雇佣J9九游会AG 进行具体(ti)的(de)(de)挖土工作。完成(cheng)之(zhi)后,宗(zong)(zong)(zong)某没(mei)有给J9九游会AG 付工资。

  “实际(ji)施(shi)工(gong)(gong)人以(yi)转(zhuan)(zhuan)包(bao)(bao)人、违法(fa)(fa)分包(bao)(bao)人为被(bei)告(gao)(gao)提起诉讼,人民法(fa)(fa)院(yuan)应当依法(fa)(fa)受理”《最高(gao)人民法(fa)(fa)院(yuan)关于(yu)审理建(jian)设(she)工(gong)(gong)程施(shi)工(gong)(gong)合同纠(jiu)纷案件适(shi)用法(fa)(fa)律问题的解释》第(di)二十六(liu)条规定。如果实际(ji)施(shi)工(gong)(gong)人以(yi)发包(bao)(bao)人被(bei)告(gao)(gao)主张权利,人民法(fa)(fa)院(yuan)可以(yi)追(zhui)加转(zhuan)(zhuan)包(bao)(bao)人或(huo)者违法(fa)(fa)分包(bao)(bao)人作为本案当事人。雇主仅应在工(gong)(gong)程价款未付的情况下对实际(ji)施(shi)工(gong)(gong)人承(cheng)担责任。

  只有“实(shi)际施工人(ren)”才能直(zhi)接(jie)要(yao)(yao)求发包人(ren)承担付款责任。相应地,你是否能直(zhi)接(jie)要(yao)(yao)求建(jian)筑公司承担责任,同样要(yao)(yao)看你是否属于实(shi)际施工人(ren)。

  在《关于统一(yi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)合(he)同纠纷中“实(shi)际(ji)(ji)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)人(ren)(ren)”司法(fa)认定(ding)条件的(de)(de)(de)建(jian)(jian)(jian)议》一(yi)文中,笔者提出:“实(shi)际(ji)(ji)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)人(ren)(ren)”是指(zhi)依法(fa)被认定(ding)为无效的(de)(de)(de)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)合(he)同中实(shi)际(ji)(ji)完成的(de)(de)(de)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程的(de)(de)(de)主体,包(bao)括施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)企(qi)业、施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)企(qi)业分(fen)支机(ji)构、工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)头等(deng)法(fa)人(ren)(ren)、非法(fa)人(ren)(ren)团体、公民个人(ren)(ren)等(deng),是《最高人(ren)(ren)民法(fa)院(yuan)关于审理(li)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)合(he)同纠纷案件适用(yong)法(fa)律问题的(de)(de)(de)解(jie)释》中所确定(ding)的(de)(de)(de)概念(nian),其目(mu)的(de)(de)(de)在于区分(fen)有效建(jian)(jian)(jian)设工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)合(he)同中的(de)(de)(de)承包(bao)人(ren)(ren)、实(shi)际(ji)(ji)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)人(ren)(ren)、施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)企(qi)业等(deng)法(fa)定(ding)概念(nian)。

  简单地说,“实际施(shi)(shi)工(gong)人(ren)”一般是就(jiu)其相对独立(li)的(de)单项工(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)而(er)言,通过(guo)筹(chou)资(zi)(zi)、组织人(ren)员(yuan)、机械(xie)等(deng)进(jin)(jin)场施(shi)(shi)工(gong),在(zai)工(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)竣工(gong)验收(shou)合格后,分别与业(ye)(ye)主、挂靠(kao)单位(wei)、转承包(bao)人(ren)结算的(de)自然人(ren)、法(fa)人(ren)或其他组织。它的(de)主要表现(xian)为:以其他建筑施(shi)(shi)工(gong)企业(ye)(ye)的(de)名义挂靠(kao)或借用其他建筑施(shi)(shi)工(gong)企业(ye)(ye)的(de)资(zi)(zi)质,以人(ren)员(yuan)、机械(xie)进(jin)(jin)行实际施(shi)(shi)工(gong);以层层转包(bao)、违(wei)法(fa)分包(bao)等(deng)形式进(jin)(jin)行最终实际施(shi)(shi)工(gong)的(de)民事主体(ti)。但个人(ren)、施(shi)(shi)工(gong)班(ban)组负责人(ren)和(he)劳务(wu)分包(bao)企业(ye)(ye)不在(zai)其列。

  该案(an)例中,建(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)公司将(jiang)自(zi)己承(cheng)(cheng)建(jian)的部(bu)分土建(jian)工(gong)程承(cheng)(cheng)包给(ji)宗某,宗某雇佣(yong)你(ni)具体施工(gong),意思是(shi)(shi)你(ni)仅仅是(shi)(shi)与宗某存在(zai)劳务(wu)关系,你(ni)既(ji)不(bu)(bu)是(shi)(shi)工(gong)程开挖资金的募集人,也不(bu)(bu)是(shi)(shi)人员(yuan)的组织(zhi)者,也不(bu)(bu)是(shi)(shi)与建(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)公司“单独结(jie)算的自(zi)然(ran)人、法人或其他组织(zhi)”,即(ji)不(bu)(bu)属于上(shang)述(shu)意义上(shang)的“实际施工(gong)人”。

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